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Johann Joachim Winckelmann (Raphael Mengs after 1755).jpg
 “我一直认为,我们要成为伟人的唯一方法是效仿古人。然而,当我第一次想出这个想时, 我所指的是希腊人和罗马人。但如果我们能像那些古人一样的话,就一定没有什么东西能阻挡我们。”
——约翰·约阿希姆·温克尔曼,1748年

约翰·约阿希姆·温克尔曼(Johann Joachim Winckelmann)(1717年12月9日 - 1768年6月8日)是德国艺术史学家,考古学家和圣殿骑士团的成员。

生平 编辑

Winckelmann had long believed that civilization should strive to be like that of ancient Greece and Rome. Once he learned of the First Civilization's existence, Winckelmann held them as his new standard, expressing interest in their art and sense of aesthetics. While he wished that he could publish a book on the precursor race, Winckelmann acknowledged that he was obliged to keep his research secret.

In 1748, the Grand Master of the British Rite of the Templar Order, Reginald Birch, arranged for Winckelmann to be appointed the secretary of Count Heinrich von Bünau's extensive library, containing some 40,000 volumes. While Winckelmann's official task was to assist Bünau in writing a book on the Holy Roman Empire, he would secretly search the volumes for information on First Civilization sites for Birch.

That same year, Winckelmann wrote a letter to his fellow Templar, William Johnson. In it, he told of his position as Bünau's librarian. Winckelmann requested that Johnson send him copies of any books related to the history and mythology of the native Americans, so that he could add them to his research.

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