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紫禁城

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紫禁城是一个从明朝到清朝末所使用的皇宫,坐落于中国北京,现在是作为故宫博物院並採行收費制,而其广泛收集的艺术品和文物源自于清帝国的收藏。

构造编辑

紫禁城坐落于首都中央且呈长方形,据说其包含9999个房间。这一数字,以及宫殿各种结构的名称,都是该地区的神圣和象征性的一部分。

四座高塔坐落于城墙的四个角落,而四个大门则通向内城。在天安门广场,主要的大门叫午门,而道路则穿过多个地点与大门。

在穿过第一个宫殿后,After crossing a first court, another interior wall leads to the most famous area, through 太和门. Farther inside the city, the Gate of Heavenly Purity leads to the inner court which was even more protected. Symbolism has a great part in the architecture of the city, influencing colors, shapes, names and decorations.

历史编辑

The Forbidden City was built at the beginning of the 15th century, and was made of 980 buildings of typical Chinese architecture. Emperors used to live there with their families, concubines and government. It was at the same time a fortress, designed to protect the Emperor and his own, and the shelter for countless concubines guarded by eunuchs, so they could only bear the child of the Emperor.

During the early 16th century, in the Ming Dynasty, the Forbidden Palace was the birthplace of the Empress of the Jiajing Emperor, Zhang, and the Mentor of the Chinese Assassins, Shao Jun, under the rule of the Zhengde Emperor.

However, after Zhengde's death in April 1521, Shao Jun saw a chance for freedom in the Assassins and decided to contact the Assassin Order through Wang Yangming. Shao Jun, along with several other concubines, were rescued after the Assassins broke into the Forbidden City.

Years after her rescue, Jun, now an Assassin, and her Mentor returned to the Forbidden City to save the remaining concubines whom she had grown up with. Before leaving, Shao Jun took the incredible risk of infiltrating the Forbidden City to free her friend, Zhang. Jun found Zhang and was astonished to hear that she wanted to stay, being happy as the Imperial Concubine and asked her old friend to leave in peace. With that, Jun then left the Forbidden City.

In 1530, Zhang Yong and Qiu Ju used Zhang to set a trap for Shao Jun in the Forbidden City. As Shao Jun dueled Qiu while Zhang Yong fled, lanterns dropped during the fight and spread fire across the city. Shao Jun escaped after killing Qiu by jumping into the nearby river.

Eventually, by the 20th century, the Forbidden City became a UNESCO protected site.

琐闻趣事编辑

  • "the Forbidden City"是中文“紫禁城”的一个翻译的普通英语, (中文: 紫禁城; 拼音: Zǐjinchéng; 直译: "Purple Forbidden City").
    • The name "Zijin Cheng" is a name with significance on many levels. Zi, or "Purple", refers to the North Star, which in ancient China was called the Ziwei Star, and in traditional Chinese astrology was the heavenly abode of the Celestial Emperor. The surrounding celestial region, the Ziwei Enclosure, was the realm of the Celestial Emperor and his family. The Forbidden City, as the residence of the terrestrial emperor, was its earthly counterpart. Jin, or "Forbidden", referred to the fact that no one could enter or leave the palace without the emperor's permission. Cheng means "a city".

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