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“许多现代人已经意识到当时海盗社会已经相当进步,具备了公民意识与社群意识,但这却使他们不再神秘。”
——肖恩·黑斯廷斯.[来源]
Prizes and Plunder 6

爱德华·肯维同本杰明·霍尼戈尔德掠夺一搜西班牙船只。

海盗行为Piracy)是一种抢劫或暴力犯罪的行为,通常发生在海上,有时会升级为海战或沿海劫掠。海盗行为也会发生于陆地上,空中,或其他水体的岸上。

参与海盗活动的人被称为海盗pirate);与之不同的是私掠者,他们由国家授权,对敌国船只进行劫掠。

18世纪早期,大量的海盗、私掠者和其他水手在拿骚周围聚集,形成了海岸同胞Brethren of the Coast)以便更好地代表和协调他们的利益。

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中世纪时,海盗航行于地中海之上,其中一个团伙与控制塞浦路斯圣殿骑士组成了联盟。1191年,阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德造访塞浦路斯,一个名叫帕夏的海盗带他航行至凯里尼亚。然而,大多数的海盗试图抓住他并交给圣殿骑士。当阿泰尔回到利马索尔的时候,他将海盗团伙的队长刺杀。[1]

1321年,意大利圣殿骑士雇佣了一伙海盗从多梅尼科·奥迪托雷的手中偷取阿泰尔的手札,并在行窃中,杀死了他的妻子。[2]

1511年,一个充满荣誉感的海盗斯卡拉卜试图向埃齐奥·奥迪托雷·达·佛罗伦萨复仇并羞辱他,但后来他们合力对抗卫兵,最终,斯卡拉扑驾船将埃齐奥送至了阿卡[3]很快,奥斯曼刺客与[[wikipedia:zh:巴巴里海盗|]]巴巴罗萨·海雷丁帕夏结盟以西班牙人阿尔及尔的控制。这一时期,圣殿骑士海盗伊芙琳·格拉布莱斯·勒格罗也十分活跃,他们只为忠于金钱,只要付钱,他们愿意为圣殿骑士或是刺客效劳。[4]

海盗黄金时代盛行于17世纪末至18世纪初的加勒比海法国海盗弗朗索瓦·欧罗奈在17世纪晚期的加勒比地区十分活跃。他以残忍地折磨犯人而出名。[5]

During this time, William Kidd was a Scottish privateer active in the area. He was captured and executed on charges of piracy in 1701, but in truth, the accusations were made by Templars, hoping he would reveal the location of the Shard of Eden he had found.[6]

Alonzo Batilla and Olivier Levasseur were French privateers-turned-pirates operating in the Caribbean during the early 18th century. Levasseur, better known as La Buse would later be executed by the British.

Edward Kenway was a British privateer-turned-pirate active in the Caribbean, who joined the Assassins later into his life. In the pirate republic of Nassau, there were pirates such as Stede Bonnet, Mary Read, Edward Thatch, Benjamin Hornigold, John Cockram, Josiah Burgess, Charles Vane, Jack Rackham, Adéwalé, Anne Bonny and Christopher Condent, with many of them eventually banding together to form a coalition they referred to as "the Brethren of the Coast". By September 1715, almost five hundred men had joined the Brethren. However their capital, Nassau, fell to the British in 1718, quickly discouraging many members from staying. Most of the captains who had formed the group died over the years, leading to the Brethren's dissolution by 1722.

Some pirates operated independently, such as Bartholomew Roberts, Howell Davis, Abel Bramah and Jing Lang.[7]

During the mid 18th century, the pirates Joseph Reed and William Crest made a fortune attacking trade ships in the Atlantic Ocean. However, their Men O' War, the Pilgrim and the Cauldron were eventually sunk by Shay Cormac's ship, the Morrigan.[8]

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