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“Why are you here?! Why do you disturb me?! You should be cleansing your homes, cleansing your SELVES!”
——Savonarola, after a mob swarms the Palazzo Pitti, 1498.[来源]

吉罗拉莫·萨沃纳罗拉Girolamo Savonarola,1452--1498)是来自费拉拉的一位道明会修士,他很认真看待他的工作。他看到自己年纪已老,富人践踏穷人,神父出售赎罪券,然后就发狂了。自称为“神的工具”的萨沃纳罗拉来到佛罗伦萨。他的讲道让百姓陷入狂热。他要求放弃所有的个人财产,放弃所有的文明,以返回伊甸园。知识成为敌人。而他可以用手中的伊甸园碎片来将它们除掉。书籍、图画、乐器,他将一切用虚荣之火烧尽。

生平编辑

萨沃纳罗拉出生于费拉拉城。 At a young age, he took a moral stance against the corrupt clergy present in Renaissance Italy.

In 1475, Savonarola studied at Santo Spirito and became a Dominican friar. In 1482, he was dispatched to Florence, which his Order considered to be the "city of his destiny." During the 1480s, he made little impression and was often called a poor public speaker.

Seven years later, in 1487, Savonarola departed from Florence for Bologna.[1]

弗利之战编辑

Godfather 3

萨沃纳罗拉跟踪Orsi 兄弟

一年后,1488年,萨沃纳拉在弗利城居住了一段时间,where he caught wind of the existence of the Apple of Eden after passing by the Orsi brothers, who were conversing with Caterina Sforza. He eavesdropped on them, and from then on, kept a close eye on the Orsi pair.[2]

By some means, Checco Orsi managed to take the Apple of Eden from Caterina and fled with it out of Forlì. Though he was pursued and killed by Ezio Auditore da Firenze, he managed to stab the Assassin in his lower abdomen, causing him to collapse.[2]

Before Ezio lost consciousness, Savonarola appeared and took the Piece of Eden from him.[2]

虚荣之火编辑

After Charles VIII of France drove Piero de' Medici from Florence in 1494, Savonarola used the Apple he had stolen to take over Florence. After uniting the city under his banner, he began to destroy all Renaissance art pieces and books, due to his desire to revert the city back to Medieval times.[1]

He also believed that all worldly possessions and pleasures, including fine clothes, musical instruments and even things like mirrors and money, were sinful and as a result, most of Florence's wealthy citizens were either openly persecuted, killed outright, or fled the city in fear for their lives.[1] His loyal fanatics hunted down everything deemed sinful and on more than one occasion innocent blood was spilled, including that of Cristina Vespucci and her husband Manfredo Soderini.[3]

When Pope Alexander VI, the Grand Master of the Templar Order, found out that Savonarola had the Apple of Eden in his possession, he sent several Papal troops to retrieve it, though with no success. Meanwhile, Ezio Auditore returned to Florence in 1497 and worked with Niccolò Machiavelli to overthrow Savonarola and retrieve the Apple of Eden.[1]

Power to people 3

萨沃纳罗拉利用金苹果的力量控制佛罗伦萨

Ezio concluded that Savonarola's rule was being enforced by his nine lieutenants, who were suppressing the Florentines. With this in mind, Ezio assassinated all nine of them, who had all been either lured into serving Savonarola, such as the Preacher, or were being controlled by the Apple like the Doctor.[1]

Once this had been been achieved, his fellow Assassins La Volpe and Paola began to encourage the people to fight for themselves. Eventually, Savonarola's grip over Florence was lost.[1]

In May of 1498, an angry mob gathered in front of Savonarola's residence at the Palazzo Pitti to stand up against him, having finally cracked under the mad monk's tyrannical regime, cruel words and deeds. Savonarola demanded to know why they were disturbing him when they should be cleansing their homes and selves, but was met only by angry shouts claiming that he had already stripped them of everything. Having failed to win them over with words, Savonarola tried to control the mob with the Apple of Eden, causing them to recoil in horror from the Apple's blinding light, but Ezio threw a knife at Savonarola's hand causing him to drop the artifact.[1]

With Savonarola powerless, the mob swarmed him en masse and took him away, and a Templar guard fled with the Piece of Eden. Ezio chased after and killed the guard, reclaiming possession of the Apple once more.[1]

死亡编辑

Mob justice 3

萨沃纳罗拉的死亡

Savonarola was taken by the Florentine citizens to his execution: being burned alive at the Piazza della Signoria. His repeated screeches and promises of the Florentines burning was met with jeers. In an act of mercy, Ezio decided that no one should die in such agony, and pushed through the crowd towards Savonarola, who was praying for deliverance. The Assassin then stabbed him in the neck with his Hidden Blade before the flames could reach him, ultimately ending his life.[1]

遗产编辑

萨沃纳罗拉的死亡极大的挫败了波吉亚家族,这使得他们无法将金苹果控制在自己手中。[4] After his death, the ways of the Renaissance began to creep back into the city. As the Medici did not return, the power vacuum was filled by Piero Soderini, who had been a favorite of Piero de' Medici's while he was in power. The Medici ultimately returned in 1512 and exiled Soderini and Machiavelli, who had been in charge of the militia in their absence. A number of Savonarola's followers remained loyal to his cause, but were given an ultimatum by the church: renounce Savonarola or be "put to the sword."[3]

琐闻编辑

  • In 1488, Savonarola was missing his little finger, although the reason for this is unknown.
  • During the memory "A Warm Welcome", Savonarola could be seen next to the gate when Niccolò Machiavelli and Caterina Sforza entered the city.
  • Savonarola's historical execution differs from the game. In real-life, after he was excommunicated by Rodrigo Borgia, he and two followers had their last communion before they were hanged first before their bodies were burned. In the game, Savonarola is executed by being burned at the stake before being stabbed by Ezio as a mercy kill.
  • Historically, Pope Alexander VI tolerated Savonarola's criticisms against the church, but after constant defiance, he had Savanarola hanged and burned at the stake. Additionally, the night before his execution, he was held in the tower of the Palazzo della Signoria - the same cells used to hold Giovanni Auditore da Firenze and his sons the night before their execution in 1476.
  • Savonarola's character was quite similar to that of Jubair al Hakim from Assassin's Creed. Both men believed that knowledge was the path to evil and sin, and both organized massive bonfires throughout their cities to burn books and other sources of knowledge that they believed corrupted society. The memories which resulted in their assassinations were also very similar, as both situations had the respective Assassins take down each of the target's lieutenants before actually confronting them, though for Jubair, killing his lieutenants was optional.
  • In Assassin's Creed: Renaissance, Ezio shot Savonarola with his Hidden Gun instead of stabbing him.
  • Savonarola was mentioned in Machiavelli's The Prince, where his failure was used as a reference in the sixth chapter of the treatise; which stated "Moses, Cyrus, Theseus and Romulus would have been unable to have their constitutions obeyed for so long a time if they had been unarmed, as was the case in our own day with Fra' Girolamo Savonarola, who failed with his new laws as soon as the multitude no longer believed in them. He had no way to keep them faithful to what they had believed, or to force the unbelievers to believe."
  • Savanarola's troops bear a monk insignia on their armor.
  • Savonarola was the only assassination target in Assassin's Creed II that was obligatory for Ezio to kill (outside of the Memory Corridor) with his right Hidden Blade.

画廊编辑

参考编辑